The following is the second part of The Language of the Inscriptions of the Sinaia Tablets (a relatively small etymological dictionary of Dacian language), namely the nouns (see Verbs in the previous issue of this Journal) identified on the Sinaia tablets discovered near the town of Sinaia, Romania. The language is closely related to Romanian, being in the same time the real mother language of Romanian. There were several attempts to decipher the texts of the tablets. I used here the one made by Eugen Nicolaescu.
Cato Maior is a prominent Roman writer and politician of the III-II centuries, BC. In his work Origines, today lost, but long quotations are preserved in De verborum significatu (On the Meaning of the Words) of Sextus Pompeius Festus and in the Medieval author Bonaventura Vulcanius De litteris et lingua Getarum sive Gothorum” (On Getic or Gothic Letters and Language) where he states that the Dacians have had a writing system before the foundation of Rome, 753 BC. The author shows also that Carolus Lundius, a Swedish writer of the 17th century mentions that the Getae (Dacians) received their alphabet from Giants, thousands of years before as is written on a huge rock found in the Archaeological Museum of Uppsala.
In this study we aim at examining the behaviour of the preposition “la” (“at/to”) in the Romanian language. The starting point of our analysis is represented by the distinctions made by the modern grammar between lexical/semi-lexical/functional prepositions. “La” (“at/to”) has, in Romanian, homonym forms which illustrate all these subcategories. We will highlight the differences in grammatical functionality between the used contexts; our study is discussing the capacity of this preposition to become a group centre, the assigning of a thematic role, the grammatical restrictions imposed on the dominated term.
This paper aims at analyzing the role of the preposition when it is used together with non-finite forms of the verb. We will examine the following aspects: the mixed features of the infinitive (substantival and verbal), the types of prepositions which can be combined with the non-finite forms of the verb (lexical, semi-lexical and functional), the ability of the preposition to generate a prepositional syntactic group, the setting/non-setting of a thematic role, the syntactic positions held by the infinitive with preposition. If the rule says that the preposition has a case government, we ask ourselves what happens to it in the presence of non-finite forms of the verb. Therefore, one of the discussed topics is the obstruction of the case government/practising it under the substantival features of the non-finite forms.